SolarWinds: What We Know About Russia's Latest Alleged Hack Of U.S. Government Microsoft says it has identified 40 government agencies, companies and think tanks that have been infiltrated. As McFaul also told Salon in June, … During the Soviet era the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (the R.S.F.S.R.) Of the three other parties that won seats in the Duma, two of them--Just Russia and the Liberal Democratic Party--are considered to have a pro-Kremlin orientation. His successor, Dmitry Medvedev, continued this policy: as a part of Moscow’s ongoing efforts to quell separatism and Islamic militancy in the Caucasus, he created an eighth federal district there in 2010. The Central district unites the city of Moscow with all administrative divisions within the Central and Central Black Earth economic regions. \"The Soviet rule left its impression on the culture, creating a fundamental fear and mistrust of those outside the family, extended family and other close familial connections,\" she told Live Science. ), People living with HIV/AIDS: 940,000 (2007 est. Moscow and St. Petersburg have particularly strong local governments, with both possessing a tax base and government structure that dwarf the country’s other regions. Indeed, in the elections that were held, there was only a single slate of candidates, the great majority of whom were in effect chosen by the Communist Party. Currency: Russian ruble (RUR) National GDP: $2,383,000,000,000 Government of Russia Type of Government: federation Independence: 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union) Divisions: The country of Russia is divided up into a complex system of 83 regions called "federal subjects." Family Life. In June 1990 the Congress of the Russian republic proclaimed that Russian laws took precedence over Soviet laws, and the following year Boris Yeltsin became the republic’s first democratically elected president. Local councils in smaller communities are commonly rubber-stamp agencies, accountable to the city administrator, who is appointed by the regional governor. Nevertheless, national law takes precedence over regional and local laws, and the constitution enumerates many areas that either are administered jointly by the regions and the central government or are the exclusive preserve of the central government. Russia's eastern Kamchatka Peninsula, which extends far into the Pacific Ocean, includes more than 150 volcanoes. ), Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3,8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census), Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.) The president is also commander in chief of the armed forces and can declare martial law or a state of emergency. ), Death rate: 16, 06 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est. This makes the country very susceptible to boom and bust cycles. Chief of state: President Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev (since 7 May 2008). Facts about Russia’s Government 4: after the reform in 2004. For the first time, elections to these bodies presented voters with a choice of candidates, including noncommunists, though the Communist Party continued to dominate the system. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. There have been a spew of scientists, artists and writers from Russia. Moscow (geographic coordinates 55 45 N, 37 35 E); time zone UTC+3; daylight saving time (+1h) begins last Sunday in March and ends last Sunday in October. Both the mother … Russia is divided into 11 time zones. In practice, however, the guidance served more as a directive, as the president was able to use the envoys to enforce presidential authority over the regional governments. ), Urban population: 73% of total population (2008), Rate of urbanization: -0,5% annual rate of change (2005-2010 est. Random Russia facts. July 1918 - Tsar Nicolas II and the royal family are executed by the Bolsheviks, in Yekatrinburg, Russia. After studying each branch, you find out the following information about the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Russian government. The 14 countries bordering Russia are: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea. ), Sex ratio: At birth 1,06 male(s)/female; under 15 years 1,05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years and over 0,44 ,male(s)/female; total population 0,86 male(s)/female (2009 est. An abortive coup in August 1991 by hard-liners opposed to Gorbachev’s reforms led to the collapse of most Soviet government organizations, the abolition of the Communist Party’s leading role in government, and the dissolution of the party itself. In 2008 an amendment to the constitution, to take effect with the 2012 election, extended the presidential term from four to six years. A hereditary monarch, called the tsar, ruled the people without any constitutional constraints. Russian culture places a high value on the homeland and on family, according to Talia Wagner, a marriage and family therapist with a specialty in cultural dynamics. It boasts the second largest coal reserve. Vladimir Putin created seven federal districts above the regional level to increase the central government’s power over the regions (see discussion below). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. However, the power of the divisions was diluted in 2000 when seven federal districts (Central, Far East, Northwest, Siberia, Southern, Urals, and Volga), each with its own presidential envoy, were established by the central government. Several of the administrative divisions established constitutions that devolved power to local jurisdictions, and, though the 1993 constitution guaranteed local self-governance, the powers of local governments vary considerably. Facts about Russia’s Government 5: the asymmetrical federalism. ), Median age: 38,4 years (male 35,2 years/female 41,6 years) (2009 est. The symmetrical federalism is a common practice in Russian Government. As Russia’s head of state, the president is empowered to appoint the chairman of the government (prime minister), key judges, and cabinet members. Russia, officially the Russian Federation, Rus. Official Name: Russian Federation Form of Government: Federation Capital: Moscow Population: 144, 125, 000 Official Language: Russian Money: Ruble Area: 17, 075, 200 square kilometres Major Mountain ranges: Ural, Altay Interesting Russian Culture Facts: The official language of Russia is Russian but English is commonly spoken as a second language. The Russian landscape varies from desert to frozen coastline, tall mountains to giant marshes. Russia is a federal presidential republic The executive power is split between the President and the Prime Minister, but the President is the dominant figure. Russia, country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation". Prepare for one seriously big trip round one seriously cool country with our fab facts about Russia… Facts about Russia. Russian families don't differ drastically from families around the world. The world’s largest country by far, Russia has played a correspondingly large role in international affairs. It was characterized by a power struggle between the executive and legislative branches, primarily over issues of constitutional authority and the pace and direction of democratic and economic reform. The Russian population is decreasing by approximately 700 people a day, or more than 250,000 people annually, according to the Eurasia Daily Monitor. For example, the regional governors and their deputies were prohibited from representing their region in the Federation Council on the grounds that their sitting in the Federation Council violated the principle of the separation of powers; however, under a compromise, both the legislative and executive branch of each region sent a member to the Federation Council. Finally, the Far East district is congruent with the Far East economic region. Three-quarters of the Russian population are orthodox Christian but other religions practiced include Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Protestantism, and Catholicism. View Images. Have a cookie Since then, there have been four presidencies split between three presidents (Vladimir Putin being the second presi… The members of the government are the Prime Minister, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. ), HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 1,1% (2007 est. The constitution provides for welfare protection, access to social security, pensions, free health care, and affordable housing; it also guarantees local self-governance. Conflicts came to a head in September 1993 when President Yeltsin dissolved the Russian parliament (the Congress of People’s Deputies and the Supreme Soviet); some deputies and their allies revolted and were suppressed only through military intervention. 8, 121099 Moscowmailing address: PSC-77, APO AE 09721; telephone:  (495) 728-5000FAX:  (495) 728-5090; consulate(s) general: Saint Petersburg, Vladivostok, Yekaterinburg. You may change your settings at any time. Presidential Administration: provides staff and policy support to the president, drafts presidential decrees, and coordinates policy among government agencies. The budgets of regional governments also are overburdened by pensions. The constitution gives equal power to each of the country’s administrative divisions in the Federal Assembly. The legislature is represented by the Federal Assembly of Russia. In 2000 Pres. The Federation Council must approve all presidential appointments to the country’s highest judicial bodies (Supreme Court and Constitutional Court). The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. Russia is a federation of republics, provinces, territories, and districts, all controlled by the government in Moscow. Age structure: 0-14 years 14,8% (male 10,644,833/female 10,095,011); 15-64 years 71,5% (male 48,004,040/female 52,142,313); 65 years and over (male 5,880,877/female 13,274,173) (2009 est. He was elected for a four-year term (eligible for a second term), however, the term length was extended in 2008 to six years, going into effect in the elections of 2012. The president’s nominee for chairman of the government is subject to approval by the State Duma; if it rejects a nominee three times or passes a vote of no confidence twice in three months, the president may dissolve the State Duma and call for new elections. ), Net migration rate: 0,28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est. Until the late 1980s, however, the government was dominated at all levels by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, … There are different types of federal subjects including: The Russian Empire was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917. Under the new constitution the Federal Assembly became the country’s legislature. Your choices will not impact your visit. Some local authorities, particularly in urban centres, exercise significant power and are responsible for taxation and the licensing of businesses. For most of the 20th century it was the dominant republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which, along with the United States, was one of the world’s two superpowers. Legislation has further affirmed the power of the federal government over the regions. Chief of state: President Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev (since 7 May 2008). With a two-thirds majority (and approval by the Russian Constitutional Court), the legislature may remove the president from office for treason or other serious criminal offenses. 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