It is recognised as an official language of Scotland with "equal respect" to English. Thus MacAoidh in Gaelic is Mackay in English, and MacGill-Eain in Gaelic is MacLean and so on. The reformation, from 1560 onwards, saw the beginning of a decline in the use of Scots forms. The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People and Their Origins. 1820 British Settler's South Africa & other historic stories. , Northamptonshire town Corby became a centre for Scottish migration in the 1930s. In modern times the words Scot and Scottish are applied mainly to inhabitants of Scotland. Both sports are governed by bodies headquartered in Scotland, the World Curling Federation and the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews respectively. The Pictish language, Norse, Norman-French and Brythonic languages have been spoken by forebears of Scottish people. View of the docks, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The next wave of migration established commercial links with Russia. However, some Gaelic speakers also live in the cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh.  The Protestant and Catholic divisions still remain in the society. Most of Scotland until the 13th century spoke Celtic languages, and these included, at least initially, the Britons, as well as the Gaels and the Picts. The Scots in South Africa is long overdue publication – with the increasing and growing demand for information hobbies like Genealogy and Ancestry has increased tenfold and the need for more resource material has been inevitable. Their bright and cheerful clan tartans are a clear and defined representation of one of the original colours of our Rainbow Nation. The soldiers were settled in Kaffraria, a new colony on the eastern fringes of the Cape colony that had seen very little development until then.  This Davidian Revolution, as many historians call it, brought a European style of feudalism to Scotland along with an influx of people of French descent – by invitation, unlike England where it was by conquest. Out of the 1.3 million migrants from Britain to Australia in the period from 1861 to 1914, 13.5% were Scots. As the third-largest ethnic group in Canada and amongst the first Europeans to settle in the country, Scottish people have made a large impact on Canadian culture since colonial times. A Scottish corporation in the 1880s purchased land in Madison and Haywood Counties with a view to bringing in Scottish settlers. By 1592, the Scottish community in Rome was big enough to merit the building of Sant'Andrea degli Scozzesi (St Andrew of the Scots). A number of Scots gained wealth and fame in the times of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. , The 19th century witnessed the immense literary cross-references between Scotland and Russia. The majority of Scotch-Irish originally came from Lowland Scotland and Northern England before migrating to the province of Ulster in Ireland (see Plantation of Ulster) and thence, beginning about five generations later, to North America in large numbers during the 18th century.  In the 1961 census there were 47,078 people living in New Zealand who were born in Scotland; in the 2013 census there were 25,953 in this category. Barrow, "The Balance of New and Old", p. 13. In the United States, people of Scottish and Scots-Irish descent are chiefly Protestant, especially in the US South, with many belonging to the Baptist or Methodist churches, or various Presbyterian denominations. [failed verification]. , Anglicisation is not restricted to language. Authors John M. MacKenzie and Nigel R. Dalziel epitomises their version of the Rainbow Nation with the vast array of Scots men and women who made South Africa their home. The General Register Office for Scotland (1996), Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 1999, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, European Bureau for Lesser-Used Languages, the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Category:Scottish people by ethnic or national origin, "The Scottish Diaspora and Diaspora Strategy: Insights and Lessons from Ireland", "2013 Census ethnic group profiles: Scottish", "Ethnic group (total responses) by age group and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 Censuses (RC, TA) Information on table", "Find your ancestors in the click of a mouse", "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", 2011 Census: KS202EW National identity, local authorities in England and Wales, "Analysis of Ethnicity in the 2001 Census – Summary Report", "Scottish Affairs, No.
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