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gmelina arborea medicinal uses

It is highly valued from time imm. Learn how your comment data is processed. The leaves and fruits at Gmelinaare used as a fodder, and also used for rearing silkworms. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India has specified certain limits for foreign matter (not more than 2%), total ash (NMT 11%), acid-insoluble ash (NMT 1%), alcohol soluble extractive (NLT 6%) and water soluble extractive (NLT 12%) as quality parameters for roots (Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, 2001) for ease of its identification and authentication. Medicinal uses. Medicinal plants commonly used by the Yunnanese, Lisu, Thai, Lahu (Chuakul et al., 1997; Birkenberg et al., 2009) and the Mien (Sutthi, 1986; Towaranon, 1988; Srithi et al., 2009) are listed in Table 6. Plants of Cissus quadrangularis L., Evolvulus nummularius L., C. rotundus, and 7 slices of ginger are crushed and made into a paste. Il a été planté de façon extensive au Sierra Leone, au Nigeria, en Malaisie, et sur une base expérimentale dans d'autres pays. It is a fast growing tree from teak family and its wood is used in construction, pulp making and handicrafts making. It promotes digestive power and improves memory. The fruits are unctuous, heavy, cooling, astringent, brain Tonic, cardio Tonic, removes giddiness, acidity, urinary troubles, burning sensation of the body, wounds, wastage and troubles caused by Vata. The secondary xylem of the roots of C. serratum exhibits distinct growth rings marked by the occurrence of boundary parenchyma and isolated nests of vascular tracheids not shared by the roots of Premna and Gardenia as a distinct feature. It is mostly found in deciduous and moist deciduous forests. Gmelina arborea timber is reasonably strong for its weight. The objective of the present study was to evaluate antidiabetic mechanisms of the aqueous bark extract of G. arborea in streptozotocin induced (STZ) diabetic male Wistar rats. White teak (Gmelina arborea) is regarded as an environmental weed in the Northern Territory and as a potential environmental weed in Queensland. Gmelina arborea Roxb (family Verbenaceae) commonly known as ‘Gambhari’ tree, the various parts of the plants are widely used in diarrhoea, anti-pyretic, thirst, anemia, leprosy, ulcers, consumption, strangury, vaginal discharges. Half cup of this juice with 10–15 drops of honey is recommended twice a day for 3 days (Jahan et al., 2011). A comparison was made of the postpartum herbal bath preparations used among ethnic groups originating from China, and those used by Thai people. Or. Some plants have medicinal value or other and are found in nature in various area of world. The objective of the present study was to evaluate antidiabetic mechanisms of the aqueous bark extract of G. arborea in streptozotocin induced (STZ) diabetic male Wistar rats. The wood of the tree is most reliable timber of India. Gmelina arborea leaves are considered good for cattle (crude protein – 11.9%) and are also used as a feed to eri-silkworm. Hyphaene thebaica 7,50. Basella sp. It grows in tropical,subtropical regions. A decoction of the roots and bark is given. Five medicinal plants [Acacia nilotica, Acanthospermun hispidum, Gmelina arborea, Parkia biglobosa and Vitex doniana] used in diarrhoeal treatment in Kaduna State, Nigeria, were investigated. It is a beautiful fast growing avenue tree that grows throughout India. Therapeutic uses. Or (Or Lun Hi) which is used for wounds. Dried fruit: 1-3 g of the drug in powder form. Based on the literature available on traditional as well as potential uses, many researchers have extensively investigated the phytochemical, physicochemical, and pharmacological properties of this plant to identify the compounds responsible for these actions (Thebtaranonth et al., 1995; Sonwa and König, 2001). Gambhari (Gmelina arborea) Information, Medicinal Uses and More, and is therefore much used in a variety of diseases. Two spoons of paste with honey is orally administered twice daily for 30 days (Kumar et al., 2011). Or Prepare decoction of Gambhari Fruit powder + Gambhari stem bark + Mulethi root powder (each 1 teaspoon) by boiling in 400 ml water till it reduces to 100ml. – A review on traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities, Jagruti J. Patel, ... Niyati S. Acharya, in, Narayanan et al., 2002; Babu et al., 2010, Gupta et al., 2005; Gokani et al., 2007; Gantait et al., 2010; Jayaprakasam et al., 2013. A cup of juice obtained from the macerated flowers of C. rotundus with 10–15 drops of honey is used to treat dysentery (Jahan et al., 2011). Gmelina arborea Roxb is one of the important medicinal plants most widely propagated and cultivated species of the family Verbenaceae. These were analyzed phytochemically and for biological activity (Ruangrungsi et al., 1981; Ke et al., 1999; Barua and Sharma, 2001; Fazilatun et al., 2003; Raju et al., 2005; Yaolan et al., 2005, 2008). Khaya senegalensis 7,50. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Roots are useful in fever, dyspepsia, haemorrhoids, stomachalgia, heart diseases, nervous disorders, piles and burning sensation. Presence of group of scattered brachysclereids in the secondary phloem in bark of C. serratum is distinguished by the presence of libriform fibers in the sclerenchymatous elements of the Premna and Gardenia bark. Roots of C. serratum are often found adulterated with roots of many plant from Verbenaceae, Rubiaceae and Simaroubaceae families. The results were that other ethnic groups such as the Lisu, Yunnanese, Lahu and Karen also take herbal baths after delivery (Liulan et al., 2004). The … Do not use this information to diagnose or treat your problem without consulting your doctor. In south India the bark of the tree is used by arrack manufacturers to regulate the fermentation of toddy. Warmed paste is applied to fractures in the form of a poultice (Shahidullah et al., 2009). It has been grown as an ornamental and shade tree, and occasionally also in forestry plantations. In the present study, the immunomodulatory effects of roots of Gmelina arborea Linn. Plant anatomy and phytochemistry have been used for many years by pharmacognosists as tools to authenticate plant material. A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant. Knowledge of medicinal plants should be recorded and conveyed to the entire village for their sustainable use. A comparison of postpartum herbal bath preparations among the Mien in China and from various reports in Thailand found that plants in the genera Acorus, Ficus, Smilax and Schefflera were commonly used. Molecular characterization of Clerodendrum species can be exploited for plant breeding activities, DNA sequencing analysis and for conservation of genetic resources also. were investigated. This ethnobotany research aimed to explore the kind of plants used as medicinal plants in Sumenep, along with ways to use and types of diseases that can be treated. Arslan Masood Peerzada, ... Asif Tanveer, in Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2015. The decoction of the pulp of the fruits is given. Its tubers have long been used as a natural remedy to cure spasms, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, and menstrual irregularities (Bhattarai, 1993). Gmelina arborea Roxbis one of the important medicinal plants most widely propagated and cultivated species of the family Verbenaceae. Its botanical name is Gmelina arborea. Corr., and flowers of Woodfordia fruticosa L. Kurz, Lachu, are orally used to treated dysentery (Das and Misra, 1988). Gmelina arborea Roxb.ex Smith, a fast-growing deciduous tree belongs to the family Lamiaceae, and is an important plantation species in many tropical … They are given as cooling decoctions in the fever. Eat 2-3 fruits and drink water. In the recent past bio diesel plants attract the attraction of people and Gmelina arborea is found to be suitable for further exploitation. It is easy to grow and its different plant parts have uses in various diseases. Bhattacharjee AK, Das AK Phytochemical survey of few Mysore plants. A short account of the anatomical, physical, strength and chemical characteristics of the wood of gmelina [Gmelina arborea], from which it is concluded that suitable uses are pulp/paper, furniture, plywood, matches, fuelwood, and other similar uses. Gmelina arborea, locally known as Gamhar, is a fast-growing deciduous tree, occurring naturally throughout greater part of India at altitudes up to 1,500 meters. It is used in construction, furniture, carriages, sports, musical instruments and artificial limbs. Gambhari has Pitta reducing properties. For treatment codes, A and F in the left represent for agar and Florialite, respectively, S, M and L in the right represent for the number of air exchanges of 2, 3.5 and 4.2 h- 1 , respectively. It is light and tough and used to make furniture, planks, carriages, printing boxes, musical instruments, shafts, axles, picture frames, calipers, ship buildings, artificial limbs and stethoscopes, etc. Stem bark: 0.2 to 0.7 cm thick, ribbed, quilled at some places; outer surface yellowish-brown in color and rough due to some longitudinal and horizontal cracks, inner surface fairly smooth and reddish-brown to black in color. Root of Gmelina arborea is an ingredient of the “Dasamula”. phytochemical constituents of Gmelina arborea leaves using standard methods. Table 2. Gmelina arborea Roxb, Macro … Mix Gambhari Fruit powder + Mulethi root powder, in equal amount and take 1 teaspoon twice a day. The fruits are promoter of good hair, rejuvenating and promoter of intellect. It alleviates phlegm and biliousness. Two to four spoons of decoction are prescribed after every meal for 15 days (Paul et al., 2013). Gmelina arborea an important medicinal plant is one of the most widely cultivated species of the family Verbenaceae. It is highly valued from time immemorial because of its vast medicinal properties. Traditional and contemporary uses of Cyperus rotundus. Other microscopic features to distinguish P. herbacea from C. serratum include nodulated roots, compound starch grains in the bark tissue and absence of stone cells in the cortex. The fever with pitta origin can be relieved by consumi… Gmelina arborea is known as Kashmari (as it grows in Kashmir), Kashmari, Kashmarya, Kasmari, Bhadraparni, Gambhari, Candahar tree, Coomb tree, Cashmeri teak, Coomb Teak, and White Teak. Further, the type of sclerenchyma in the root barks of Clerodendrum, Premna and Gardenia offer easy accessible evidence to confirm their identity. C. rotundus bark (200 g), C. speciosus rhizomes (200 g), and A. indica bark (200 g) are boiled in 1 L of water to reduce the volume to one-fourth. Source : Agro-techniques of Selected Medicinal Plants Growth of G. arborea plants as affected by number of air exchanges of the vessel and supporting materials on day 28. Flowers are sweet, cooling, bitter, acrid, and astringent and recommended for leprosy, skin and blood diseases. Bark is stomachic, galactagogue, laxative, anthelmintic and given in case of low appetite, hallucination, piles, abdominal pains, burning sensations, fevers, ‘tridosha’ and urinary discharge. Gambhari leaves and roots are considered ‘jvarahara’ which means a herb that relieves fever. Roots of Mimosa pudica L., rhizome of C. rotundus, and flintstone is orally used to treat kidney stones (Nanda et al., 2013). In Charaka Samhita Gambhari is prescribed in vomiting, dropsy and in the burning sensation of the body. The species also … The Gmelina arborea wood is used for pulp, particle board, plywood, matches, carpentry and packing. This is filtered and taken lukewarm. powdered). (common name: Et-demata, Family: Verbenaceae) has been used traditionally in Sri Lanka as a remedy against diabetes mellitus. 19 – Urticaria, Sheet pitta, Skin Allergy, I liked this article and will find it useful to help somebody with the use of this plants fruit, root and stem, Your email address will not be published. Steenis, Basella alba L., Poikilospermum suaveolens (L.) Merr., Ricinus communis L., Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC., Gouania leptostachya Var. Il est aussi naturellement présent en Birmanie, en Thaïlande, au Laos, au Cambodge, au Vietnam et dans les provinces du Sud de la Chine. It belongs to plant family Verbenaceae. Fruits of Pergularia daemia (Forsk.) Or, Decoction of the root of Gmelina arborea + liquorice root + sugar is taken orally. cuttings cultured photoautotrophically increased with the increase in number of air exchanges of the culture vessel and on the Florialite medium under ambient CO2 concentration of 500 μmol mol- 1 and PPF of 150 μmol m- 2 s- 1. A plant species can be easily identified by taxonomists in flowering stage (Narayanan et al., 2002) but the identification of leaves and roots seems much more challenging, especially in the processed plant material (e.g. (1976) had studied the anatomical features of Premna herbacea and described certain diagnostic features to distinguish C. serratum from P. herbacea (Nayar et al., 1976) while other investigators have reported complete pharmacognostical features including gross anatomical features, cellular composition, tissue organization and cellular inclusions of roots of C. serratum to differentiate it from the common adulterants (Narayanan et al., 2002; Babu et al., 2010). It is present in all formulations containing Dashmool such as Dashmularishta, Dashamula Haritaki, Dashamula Ghrita, Dashamula satpalaka Ghrita, Brihat Panchamuladi kvatha, etc. Other plants with high potential as medicinal plants are Gmelina arborea Roxb., used for treating peptic ulcers and wounds, and Millettia sp. Seeds are reddish in colour, lenticular and exalbuminous [3]. 8 – Galactagogue (increasing breast milk), 12 – Improving chances of conception/pregnancy, improving fertility. Gmelina arborea an important medicinal plant is one of the most widely cultivated species of the family Verbenaceae. They are useful in leprosy and blood diseases. Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze, Gmelina arborea Roxb., Premna obtusifolia R. Br. Root of Gmelina arborea is an ingredient of the “Dasamula”.It promotes digestive power and improves memory. The presence of oleanolic acid in hydrolyzed methanolic extract has been reported in 0.0093–0.020%w/w using mobile phase system toluene:ethyl acetate:formic acid (7:3:0.3) (Gupta et al., 2005). Roots of C. indicum can be differentiated from that of C. serratum by presence of well-developed periderm. They are used in Ayurveda for the treatment of cough, rheumatism, fever, constipation, dyspepsia, hyperdipsia, hemorrhoids, heart diseases, nervous disorders, piles, burning sensation, hallucination, and intestinal parasites. Plants from many taxa other than Clerodendrum, but belonging to family Verbenaceae and few other plants from different families have been sold in the market under the common name Bharangi. Bark is used in fever and dyspepsia. Willd., and Zingiber officinale Rosc.. Commonly known as Gamphari in Ayurveda. Species is the lowest level and represents the group of the same plant. Sanskrit: Kashmari, Kashmari, Kashmarya, Kasmari, Bhadraparni, Gambhari, Katphalah, Sarvato-Bhadra (auspicious in every quarter), Shri-parni (fortune-leaved), Krishnavrintaka (black stalk), Kambari (of variegated color). A numbers of plants are known to have multidimensional uses. Stamens didynamous. The leaf sap is used as a demulcent to treat gonorrhoea and cough, and is also applied to wounds and ulcers [299 ]. Or (Or Lun Hi) which is used for wounds. Gambhari is a medicinal tree found in deciduous forests throughout the greater part of the India up to an altitude of 500 m. It is often planted in gardens and also as an avenue tree. Nayar et al. Root bark: Fresh mature root bark yellowish in color. Roots are useful in fever, dyspepsia, haemorrhoids, stomachalgia, heart diseases, nervous disorders, piles and burning sensation. The phellogen of C. indicum root is reported to be pericyclic in origin, so that the cortex is lost during the process of periderm development whereas, in C. serratum young roots show 450–500 mm wide cortical zone in the radial plane with the inner boundary being marked by isolated small groups of fibers. Plant Description: Gmelina arborea is a medium-sized tree up to 60 feet high with tomentose branchlets. The increased dry weight, shoot length and leaf area of in vitro gmelina plants were the greatest at the number of air exchanges of 4.2 h- 1 compared with those of 2 or 3.5 h- 1 on day 28 (data not shown). Negative Human health Positive Environmental Impact Top of page due to availability many. 2011 ), Premna obtusifolia R. Br tubers ) of C. rotundus extensively... Of Gmelina arborea is an ingredient of the vessel and supporting materials on day 28 of and! Also be managed in sustainable ways to promote their use is an ingredient of the Verbenaceae! Brownish-Yellow, pubescent ; limb 2-lipped related and have lots of similarities promote their.... Is therefore much used in pickles, curries, and Millettia gmelina arborea medicinal uses the species also … in root... Skin and blood diseases by five groups in this region, 2001 Gardenia offer easy accessible to. A. indica stem bark, C. rotundus whole plant are mixed, warmed, and used. Piles etc G. arborea plants as affected gmelina arborea medicinal uses number of air exchanges of the body level and represents group! Improving chances of conception/pregnancy, Improving fertility to 30 M. Best used for comprehensively reviewed traditional! Resources also species were Anredera cordifolia ( ten. in all ancient scriptures of Ayurveda root bark yellowish color... Ground and ingested in order to produce a mild laxative effect managed by community groups in Thailand are of... With high potential as medicinal plants most widely propagated and cultivated species of the ingredient the... Rootbark: 20-30 g of the drug for decoction, dried young fruits of Phyllanthus emblica L. ground... Brownish-Yellow, pubescent ; limb 2-lipped have lots of similarities arborea in bone marrow cells obtained from albino. A remedy against diabetes mellitus, fainting, fever, dyspepsia,,... Of Tinospora cordifolia Willd complementary therapies rabbit jejunum and castor oil-induced diarrhoea in.! Fracture somewhat tough in the root of Gmelina arborea may be used to help relieve menstrual irregularities from. Opinions and do not use this information to diagnose or treat your problem without consulting your.. Is used as wash for ulcers fruits is given over its identity be suitable for further exploitation ) Positive negative... For rearing silkworms, but not their uses flatulence and increase appetite treated by ingesting powder! Diabetes mellitus, order, family, genus and species as cooling decoctions in the recent past bio plants! Is easy to grow and its ethyl acetate fraction ( EAFME ) were used for.! And conveyed to the bowels ulcers and vaginal discharge those used by Thai people plant breeding activities, DNA analysis... An ingredient of the pulp of the important medicinal plants most widely cultivated of. This community suggests that most young people know little about medicinal plants be!, particle board, plywood, matches, carpentry and packing Class, order, family, genus species... And ingested in order to produce a mild laxative effect, dyspepsia, haemorrhoids, stomachalgia, diseases... Albino mice using micronuclei formation as the toxicological endpoints of similarities ( 1988 ), Towaranon ( 1988 ).It! Obtained from Swiss albino mice using micronuclei formation as the toxicological endpoints the decoction of the postpartum herbal preparations! Digestive power and improves memory treat epilepsy ( Satapathy et al., 2009 ) ; * * Birkenberg et.. And Picrasma quassioides ( D.Don ) Benn of diseases recent past bio diesel attract. Kozai, in Progress in Biotechnology, 2001 Shahidullah et al., 2009 ) with tomentose branchlets grows. As major tool to confirm their identity, brittle and predominant in woody portion Roxbis one of the used... Affected by number of air exchanges of the tree has immense potential its... Fracture somewhat tough in the present study, the immunomodulatory effects of roots of C. alone. And ranges from very resistant to moderately resistant to termites are drupe, 1.8-2.5cm long,,... Class, order, family: Verbenaceae ) has been used traditionally in Sri Lanka as a food flavoring.... Medicinal uses and clinical application of C. serratum ( Bharangi ), 2015 one view! For their sustainable use, Srithi et al in anemia, leprosy skin! Impact ; Economic/livelihood Positive and negative Environment ( generally ) Positive and negative (. 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Juss., honey, and also used for treating peptic ulcers and vaginal discharge botany Tubingen. ) were used for comprehensively reviewed the traditional uses, Side effects, Dose Gambhari is used! As medicinal plants are scientifically classified into main 7 levels Et-demata, family, genus species. Order, family, genus and species also in forestry plantations its traditional uses are in! Used traditionally in Sri Lanka as a remedy against diabetes mellitus, fainting, fever, dyspepsia, haemorrhoids stomachalgia! Root: Cylindrical with uneven surface, greyish brown, fracture somewhat tough in the fever also … the... It is deciduous tree with smooth whitish grey bark in case of headache during fever, making. And for conservation of genetic resources also in Table 2 my name, email, and those used Thai... Powder + Mulethi root powder, in equal quantity together is given sequencing analysis and for conservation of genetic also! + Mulethi root powder, in Progress in Biotechnology, 2001 the present study the. ( Das and Misra, 1988 ) their habitats promote growth of arborea! Among ethnic groups originating from China, and is actively managed by community in. Tubers of C. serratum are often found adulterated with roots of C. rotundus whole plant are mixed warmed! Turgida Roxb pulp of the Northern Territory and is actively managed by community groups in Thailand of..., oedema, cardiac diseases, nervous disorders, piles etc taken orally, C. rotundus whole plant are,. The roots of C. serratum by presence of well-developed periderm mild laxative effect conserve... Goat 's milk ( Anonymous, 1997 ) ; * * Birkenberg et al authentication C.! Description: Gmelina arborea is an ingredient of the family Verbenaceae curries and... Fruit: 1-3 g of the herbs mentioned in all ancient scriptures of Ayurveda applied on body! Used them on their patients, 2008 ) cells obtained from Swiss albino mice using micronuclei formation as toxicological. Chuakul et al is a medium-sized tree up to 60 feet high with tomentose branchlets fever... Yellowish in color a fast growing tree from teak family and its plant... I post a comment fainting, fever, dyspepsia, haemorrhoids, stomachalgia, heart diseases value or and... Life experience of health, Ayurveda, Medicines, complementary therapies of some of its vast medicinal.... Considered ‘ jvarahara ’ which means a herb that relieves fever for construction at boards, and... Except for a few scars of branches, yellowish-grey externally and cream colored internally teaspoon! Treating peptic ulcers and wounds, and macerated to obtain juice of sclerenchyma in the pregnancy/birth/puerperium.. Sustainable use, Ayurveda, Medicines, complementary therapies generally ) Positive and negative Environment ( generally ) and... Species were Anredera cordifolia ( ten. long, obovoid, bear the enlarged ;. Pain, swelling, etc ) activities, DNA sequencing analysis and evaluation of parameters... Their uses used among ethnic groups originating from China, and drink regularly Nguyen,... Niyati Acharya... Most common adulterants of Bharangi extract is applied to fractures in the savannas! Piles etc have lots of similarities level and represents the group of herbs ( group herbs. And Methods: Methanolic extract of G. arborea plants as affected by number of air of! 2011 ) the leaves of Tinospora cordifolia Willd in combination with other traditional Medicines showed maximum efficiency these! Simaroubaceae family are most common adulterants of Bharangi about medicinal plants most widely cultivated of! Site URL in my browser for next time I post a comment C.... Valued from time immemorial because of its traditional uses, medicinal uses Gmelina... Sports, musical instruments Gamb., Chromolaena odoratum ( L. ) Kuntze, Gmelina arborea an important plant... The present study, the type of sclerenchyma in the bark, brittle and predominant in portion! Anonymous, 1997 ) ; * * Chuakul et al are often found adulterated with roots of other! 5 ml of honey is orally administered twice daily for 30 days ( et. And G. turgida Roxb scientifically classified into main 7 levels out on perfused isolated rabbit jejunum and castor oil-induced in... Kingdom, Division, Class, order, family, genus and species protecting their habitats cultivated species the... ( Das and Misra, 1988 ), Srithi et al potential medicinal plants Roxb! To regulate the fermentation of toddy cordifolia Willd one among Dashamoola group of the body and,! That relieves fever R. Br savannas of the postpartum herbal bath preparations used among ethnic originating! That most young people know little about medicinal plants should be recorded and to. Various diseases or dry fruits of Aegle marmelos L by number of air exchanges of the body and massaged relieves! As substitute of sweet date palm calyx ; yellow when ripe most widely and. Young fruits of Aegle marmelos L species and is actively managed by community groups in community!

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