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role of prosecution in criminal justice system in pakistan

Master in Criminology and Security Studies is a 2-year program consisting of 4 semesters. The Police Order, 2002 is the organizational law of the Punjab Police; the KP Police Act, 2017 is the organizational law of the KP Police; the Sindh Police works under the Sindh (Repeal of the Police Act, 1861 and the Revival of the Police Order, 2002) (Amendment) Act, 2019, and the Baluchistan Police employs the Baluchistan Police Act, 2011. The magistrates have charge of different police stations and their working is as important as of police stations. The function of the prosecution is to evaluate the evidence collected by the police, and to filter the quality and quantity of cases to be sent up for trial. Effective prosecution in criminal cases not only ensures timely dispensation of justice but also contributes towards forestalling recurrence of crime in society. As Pakistan is a Federation, its constitution provides for executive, legislature and judicature[1] at both federal and provincial levels. The extant material focuses on reform or improvements without stating clearly what the system is and how it operates. Punjab Prosecution Department was established in 2006 under the Punjab Criminal Prosecution Service (Constitution, Functions and Powers) Act, 2006; the Sindh Prosecution Service works as an attached department of the Sindh Law Department and its working law is the Sindh Criminal Prosecution Service (Constitution, Functions and Powers) Act, 2010. A point of departure can be a brief elucidation of the criminal justice system, which this overview will try to provide in topical manner." The investigating officers should approach each mystery with a blank mind. The courts follow an adversarial system of adjudication. It is more so in different fields of study that affect the lives of public at large. Criminal cases are required to be proved beyond reasonable doubt, and the accused is treated as innocent unless proven guilty. Juvenile Justice System in Pakistan. Contrary to the constitutional courts that are established under the constitution and have a binding effect on the executive, the magistrate and sessions courts are products of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898, and essentially decide facts. He is currently serving as the Assistant Inspector General (Estb) for the Islamabad Police, where he is responsible for human resource management, legal affairs and prosecutorial matters of the ICT Police. Under the Constitution, law and order is the responsibility of the provinces that discharge it through their provincial governments. 492-495 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898] (September 10, 2014). The regime of parole and probation that work as alternatives to imprisonment were introduced in 1927 through the Directorates of Parole and Probation under Home Department. The five pillars or systems must work in concert with each other with checks and balances between them in order to … It is the duty of the prosecutors to prove the accused guilty in The United States has what is known as an “adversarial judicial system” – in other words, criminal cases are contests between two opposing sides, the prosecution and the defense, which ensures that evidence and legal arguments will be fairly presented to the court by both sides. Likewise, with some variations, the KP Prosecution Service (Constitution, Functions and Powers) Act, 2005 and the Baluchistan Prosecution Service (Constitution, Functions and Powers) Act, 2003 establish prosecution organizations in KP and Baluchistan. The federal government is also responsible for dealing with inter-provincial coordination in criminal matters that it carries out through the Ministry of Interior (MoI). All the accused individuals have to be produced before them within twenty-four hours in accordance with the Constitution (Article 10). Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.The criminal justice system is a series of government agencies and institutions. The criminal justice system consists of four main components - police, prosecution, prisons and courts. The recruitment, in anti-Terrorism and NAB courts should be strictly on merit. In these courts the cases of terrorists and money launderers, who abuse the authority and plunder the national treasury with both hands respectively, are adjudicated and prosecuted. It is the core duty of a prosecutor attached with the courts having powers to grant the physical remand to bandits, to peruse the file minutely and scrutinise the faults before producing it to presiding officers. The scope of the document has been kept broad so as to include provisions from the Code of Criminal Procedure, Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997, Pakistan Penal Code, Police Rules 1934 and Provincial Prosecutorial Acts. The traditionally strong executive has remained central to power and has kept the legislature and the judicature peripheral by controlling the purse. He should start investigation with the theory that everyone is guilty and everyone is innocent and never relying on patterns and assuming the outcome with little information. Criminology Week 1: What is Criminology? The role is to be discharged with an ingrained sense of dignity and integrity. The international community has acknowledged the importance of the function of the official prosecutor in, for example, the 1990 UN Guidelines on the role of prosecutors and in the 2000 Council of Europe Recommendation on the role of public prosecution in the criminal justice system . LAHORE: The Punjab Prosecution Department has suggested far-reaching legal reforms to plug loopholes in the country’s criminal justice system that benefits the criminals and troubles the innocent. In last days the new Government of PTI recruited the law officers in the offices of Attorney General for Pakistan and Advocate General Punjab. Forensic Science in Criminology. The legal framework of prisons is very old in the entire country; prisons in all the provinces are constituted and function under the Prisons Act, 1894, except Sindh, where the Sindh Prisons and Corrections Services Act, 2019 has been enacted recently. Contrary to popular belief, the prosecutor in a criminal case should notbe out to get as many convictions as possible, but rather the prosecutor ultimately has a duty to do justice. If the office of prosecution realizes the defendant is not g… The courts that deal with criminal matters are magistrate and sessions courts. Police in Pakistan is the most corrupt institution of the country and corruption in Pakistan … The criminal justice system in Pakistan is comprised of three factors: police, prosecution and judiciary. Based on the US pedagogical practice, the criminal justice system of Pakistan may be divided into five components: (i) Police, (ii) Prosecution, (iii) Courts; (iv) Prisons, and (v) Corrections. It is important to mention here if proper assistance would not be extended to the courts, resultantly, the terrorists, money launderers and authority abusers will get certificates of acquittal from the courts like Former President Mr Asif Ali Zardari, Mr Nawaz Sharif, Maryam Nawaz and Captain Safdar. Mr. Kamran Adil is a Visiting Research Fellow at the Research Society of International Law. The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defense lawyers, the … ... Role of Federal Shariat Court in Islamization of Laws in Pakistan The investigations are not being handled properly and supervised in accordance with law. And any doubt in prosecution’s case would be construed in favor of an accused. The Indian Law … Purpose of Criminal Justice System DOING JUSTICE CONTROLLING CRIME PREVENTING CRIME 23. The knowledge gap qua justice sector is acute. Their important powers include accepting or rejecting cases, making decisions about dismissing charges, or moving cases to disposition and recommending a sentence--all of which can critically affect not only individuals but society through their ability to shape our criminal justice system. For the sake of knowledge and in the context of Pakistan, the definitions of three key terms related to rehabilitation and reintegration must be noted: [1] Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973. Who Decides? Criminal Justice System of Pakistan. An effective and independent prosecution is crucial to the criminal justice system since the prosecutors represent the interests of the state before the courts conducting criminal trials. The present government has placed special focus on effective prosecution of criminal cases. Prisons work as an attached department to the Home Departments of the provinces. P.C. High-level Saudi delegation to visit Pakistan soon, says FM Qureshi, UAE Dy PM arrives in Cholistan for houbara hunting, No power on earth can undo Pakistan, says Army Chief, Resign by Jan 31st or face long march, PDM warns PM, Holy Quran Act 2018 to be practiced from next academic year. In the provinces, the criminal justice system is managed through the Home and Prosecution Departments. 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